Worm Composter

The Worm Copmposter consists of two sturdy polypropylene boxes nested inside each other measuring 23 inches long, 12.5 inches high and 15 inches wide. The upper box has a perforated floor and a lid, and the lower box is fitted with a drain sprout.

By having the worms in the top portion of the bin (kitchen scraps/organic waste is placed) the waste (liquid tea) filters through the perforated holes into the bottom bin that can be combined with water for use as a rich organic fertilizer. As the worms actually eat the bacteria in the decomposed food there is no odor to worry about. Simply add your scraps and see the results!

Instructions
First of all, line the base of the top box with two or three layers of dampened newspaper. Add some partially rotted compost or potting mix, to form a layer about ¾ inch deep. Add your worms and cover with a piece of dampened carpet, burlap or light resistant plastic (such as a garbage bag) cut to size.

Place the scraps underneath this cover. Note that the worms eat the decomposed parts of the scraps so by placing them in a separate bin for a few days will accelerate the process.

The Worms
Worms used in your Worm Farm need to be special Composting Worms (red worms). They are fast breeders and can consume their own weight in food in twenty-four hours. One thousand worms are all that is required to start off the farm (two thousand if you want to be up to capacity in a hurry), with each worm producing an egg capsule approximately every two weeks, each capsule containing between five and fifteen worms.

These hatch in three weeks time and are mature within three months. The worms will breed to the environment so if you reduce the amount of food so too will the worm population decrease.

All of these topics including where you can purchase the worms are explained in detail in a foldout instruction sheet included with each bin.

You will need to order composting worms to go with it if you can't find them locally.

Harvesting Worm Castings

There are several ways to harvest worm castings with this bin.

1. Lay out a sheet of plastic and dump out the contents of the worm bin. Set up your compost bin quickly with fresh, moist bedding, just as you did when you began your worm farm. Start looking for the worms and shifting them over from the compost to the worm bin. Look also for the tiny worm cocoons which are the eggs. Move those over to the worm bin as well.

2. You can also open the bin up in the sun and let the worms move down to the bottom of the bin. Scoop up a very thin layer of worm castings. Move any worms or food scraps that aren’t completely decomposed back into the worm bin after removing the layer of compost. Repeat. Add bedding material as needed.

3. A couple weeks before you’re ready to harvest the worm castings, feed the worms only on one side of the bin. The worms should vacate the other side. Harvest the worm castings with a trowel on the side where the worms aren’t feeding. Add more bedding.

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